Radiologists diagnose and treat diseases and injuries using medical imaging techniques, such as x rays, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), nuclear medicine, and ultrasounds. May perform minimally invasive medical procedures and tests.

  • Obtain patients' histories from electronic records, patient interviews, dictated reports, or by communicating with referring clinicians.
  • Prepare comprehensive interpretive reports of findings.
  • Perform or interpret the outcomes of diagnostic imaging procedures including magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), computer tomography (CT), positron emission tomography (PET), nuclear cardiology treadmill studies, mammography, or ultrasound.
  • Review or transmit images and information using picture archiving or communications systems.
  • Communicate examination results or diagnostic information to referring physicians, patients, or families.
  • Provide counseling to radiologic patients to explain the processes, risks, benefits, or alternative treatments.
  • Instruct radiologic staff in desired techniques, positions, or projections.
  • Confer with medical professionals regarding image-based diagnoses.
  • Coordinate radiological services with other medical activities.
  • Document the performance, interpretation, or outcomes of all procedures performed.
  • Establish or enforce standards for protection of patients or personnel.
  • Develop or monitor procedures to ensure adequate quality control of images.
  • Recognize or treat complications during and after procedures, including blood pressure problems, pain, oversedation, or bleeding.
  • Participate in continuing education activities to maintain and develop expertise.
  • Participate in quality improvement activities including discussions of areas where risk of error is high.
  • Perform interventional procedures such as image-guided biopsy, percutaneous transluminal angioplasty, transhepatic biliary drainage, or nephrostomy catheter placement.
  • Develop treatment plans for radiology patients.
  • Administer radioisotopes to clinical patients or research subjects.
  • Advise other physicians of the clinical indications, limitations, assessments, or risks of diagnostic and therapeutic applications of radioactive materials.
  • Calculate, measure, or prepare radioisotope dosages.
  • Check and approve the quality of diagnostic images before patients are discharged.
  • Compare nuclear medicine procedures with other types of procedures, such as computed tomography, ultrasonography, nuclear magnetic resonance imaging, and angiography.
  • Direct nuclear medicine technologists or technicians regarding desired dosages, techniques, positions, and projections.
  • Establish and enforce radiation protection standards for patients and staff.
  • Formulate plans and procedures for nuclear medicine departments.
  • Monitor handling of radioactive materials to ensure that established procedures are followed.
  • Prescribe radionuclides and dosages to be administered to individual patients.
  • Review procedure requests and patients' medical histories to determine applicability of procedures and radioisotopes to be used.
  • Teach nuclear medicine, diagnostic radiology, or other specialties at graduate educational level.
  • Test dosage evaluation instruments and survey meters to ensure they are operating properly.
Work Context
  • Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — 99% responded "Extremely important".
  • Telephone — 96% responded "Every day".
  • Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — 99% responded "Every day".
  • Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — 91% responded "Very important results".
  • Frequency of Decision Making — 91% responded "Every day".
  • Time Pressure — 81% responded "Every day".
  • Freedom to Make Decisions — 74% responded "A lot of freedom".
  • Read More
Work Activities
  • Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
  • Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
  • Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
  • Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.
  • Assisting and Caring for Others — Providing personal assistance, medical attention, emotional support, or other personal care to others such as coworkers, customers, or patients.
  • Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts.
  • Interacting With Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
  • Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
  • Read More
Detailed Work Activities
  • Develop healthcare quality and safety procedures.
  • Maintain medical or professional knowledge.
  • Develop medical treatment plans.
  • Verify that medical activities or operations meet standards.
  • Determine protocols for medical procedures.
  • Analyze test data or images to inform diagnosis or treatment.
  • Read More


Medicine and Dentistry
  • Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures.
  • Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.
English Language
  • Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
Read More


  • Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
Reading Comprehension
  • Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
Active Listening
  • Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
Critical Thinking
  • Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
Read More


Problem Sensitivity
  • The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
Inductive Reasoning
  • The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
Oral Comprehension
  • The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
Written Comprehension
  • The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
Read More


People interested in this work like activities that include ideas, thinking, and figuring things out.
They do well at jobs that need:
  • Achievement/Effort
  • Persistence
  • Initiative
  • Leadership
  • Cooperation
  • Concern for Others
  • Social Orientation
  • Self Control
Read More


You might use software like this on the job:

Spreadsheet software
  • Microsoft Excel Hot Technology
Medical software
  • MEDITECH software Hot Technology
  • Modernizing Medicine Practice Management
  • MIM Software MIMneuro
  • MIM Software MIMfusion
  • MIM Software MIMcardiac
  • WRSHealth EMR
  • Merge Healthcare Merge RIS
  • medQ Q/ris
  • McKesson Radiology Manager
  • McKesson Practice Plus
  • Maplewood Software StaffReady
  • Motion correction software
  • mPlexus DICOM RadiX
  • Vitera Healthcare Solutions Vitera Intergy RIS
  • Vitera Healthcare Solutions Vitera Intergy
  • SOAPware EMR
  • simplifyMD
  • RamSoft PowerServer RIS/PACS
  • Radiopharmacy inventory databases
  • Patient electronic medical record EMR software
  • NextGen Healthcare NextGen Practice Management
  • NextGen Healthcare Information Systems EMR
  • Kareo Practice Management
  • IOS Health Systems Medios EHR
  • Infinite Radiology Opal-RAD
  • Computer aided image analysis software
  • Cerner PowerWorks Practice Management
  • CareCloud Central
  • Bizmatics PrognoCIS EMR
  • Benchmark Systems Benchmark Clinical EHR
  • Avreo Radiology Workflow Solutions
  • Automatic Data Processing AdvancedMD EHR
  • athenahealth athenaCollector
  • Alteer Office
  • Allscripts Professional EHR
  • Allscripts PM
  • Advanced Data Systems MedicsRis
  • Digital Imaging Communications in Medicine DICOM medical imaging software
  • Hosted PACS Solutions
  • HealthFusion MediTouch
  • Greenway Medical Technologies PrimeSUITE
  • GE Healthcare ViewPoint for Radiology
  • GE Healthcare Centricity Practice Solution
  • GE Healthcare Centricity EMR
  • GalacTek ECLIPSE
  • Fujifilm Synapse
  • Epic Practice Management
  • eClinicalWorks Practice Management
  • eClinicalWorks
  • ACOM Solutions RAPID EMR
Word processing software
  • Microsoft Word Hot Technology
Read More


Get started on your career:

Job Outlook

New job opportunities are less likely in the future.

Explore More